ya_palomnik Complex of administrative buildings

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Комплекс Административных зданий

Complex of administrative buildings

     The complex is located in the southeastern part of the Kremlin. Historically as a center of administration. The complex consists of the housing government offices and Brig.

     Building official place

     Building official place, the end XVIII-mid XIX century. Represents a two-storey and three-storey partially extended body with a basement floor, consisting of a series of multi-temporal structures. The earliest of them - a former consistory (the end of XVIII century.) Closely related to the building of the former provincial office (beginning of XIX c.).
     The project is made up of stone provincial office architect VI Kaftyrevym, who in 1767 was sent to the Senate for detail in Kazan city's master plan, developed by the Commission for buildings in St. Petersburg and Kazan Moscow after the fire in 1765. This project is typical for the school prominent Moscow architect mid XVIII century AD Ukhtomskii whose student from 1748 to 1753 was Kaftyrev. In connection with the opening of the Kazan governorship in 1781 Russian government eased funds for "construction of the house of the governor-general, which was forwarded to the new facade of the former fortress stone structure, which was placed the provincial Office of the length of 23 1/2 width for 8 yards." To convert the newly erected building to house the governor's Office to him, moreover, was "built out at an angle of a few quarters length 10 width 7 fathoms."
     At the disposal of the governor turned a two-storey house with a mezzanine in the 15 windows on the main facade with the perpendicular to it-wing (south wing of the current building public places). It housed the Office Formal living rooms and family governor. The central hall on the second floor with choirs for musicians, resting on the columns in both of its ends, was the most elegant and was called to the throne.
     In the halls of the governor's house in honor of Paul I, who visited Kazan in 1798, Ball was arranged, except where "higher" Russian society attended rich Tatar merchants and their wives and daughters, as well as representatives of the Muslim clergy, including the mufti.
     Construction of the house governor, where "in the field capable" were mezzanine and cellar, and government offices was completed in 1783. The decoration of its facades made by analogy with projects houses "continuous facade", developed by the Commission for the buildings in the years 1760-80, is not felt echoes of the Baroque. (Apparently, Kaftyrev took as "exemplary facade to build stone houses in Kazan" compiled AV Kvasov and attached to the approved 1768 plan of the city.)
     Without significant alterations to the present day has retained its original form only yard facade of the building (the main greatly distorted), which survived even dvuhokonny North Corner of rusticated pilasters and six central part of the former provincial office. Processing facade pilasters flush with frieze, shallow niches, in which are inscribed the window openings, decorative panels of three different patterns above and below the windows and two-tone paint gave the building, too elongated (especially after immediately after completion of the work in 1783. "Large body presences Governor-General, two rooms for two tiers of windows seats "increased in length by 10 1/2 yards), known representation corresponding to its destination. Report Kazan Governor General Meshcherskij indicates that simultaneously to the north end of the former provincial office was attached "in one line and identical in width government offices, length 32 1/2 yards." Гауптвахта
     The decor of the main facade - restrained by design. The north wing of the former provincial office is decorated along the edge of the second floor blades protruding plinth - one near rustication, first-floor window with fascia and trim or profiled. Piers decorated fascia in four levels. Floors are cornice. Architraves arched openings of the second floor with profiled cornices weatherstrip, crossed kontrnalichnikami downstairs completes little weights, and profiled the top brackets, which relies torn pediment. The top cornice decorated arkaturno belt. Facade of the Presence, which came in and the former governor's house in the XIX century. was given to one solution - projecting cornice, fit plum first-floor windows, which are decorated with a simple rectangular frames. The floors are separated by two rather narrow eaves profiles; let down by the top plum windows framed with a simple rectangular frames. Direct sandriks rely on vertical kontrnalichniki. Along the top of the facade - just profiled cornice.
     As of 1997-1998 draft restoration PTM SA RT Zabirova F.M., architect Saifullina L.S., launched in 1999, completed in 2005

     Building guardhouse

     Guardhouse building, in the middle of the XIX, Remodeled in 2003, the South-east corner of the territory of the Kremlin, where now is a former military guardhouse (XIX c.), In the XVI-XVII centuries occupied Sovereign yard, where he lived, "the governor's big."
     Three storey building, brick, L-shaped in plan. The south wall is directly adjacent to the fence between the walls of the Kremlin's Spassky and Southeast Naugolnykh towers. The eastern wall of the guardhouse slightly deviates from the neighboring spinners (between Southeast Naugolnykh Consistory and towers), forming a narrow passage to Naugolnykh tower.
     Austere facades devoid of decorative treatment, smooth plastered have only a large rectangular window openings, a simple cornice and low pitched roof.
     Here in August 1918, after the capture of Kazan Whites, were detained prominent party, government, military workers: Y.S. Sheinkman, M. Vakhitov, S.N. Gassar, M.I. Mezhlauk and many others subsequently shot at the Kremlin wall. In 1998 he carried out complex repairs.

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