Difficult destiny of the Tatar teacher
I was advised to go to the Ayshe Suleymanovna. When I told about the purpose of his visit, the hostess smiled and politely invited into the house. Pulled out of the chest a large photo album, on the inside cover of which was inscribed Director Kirov High School: "For outstanding achievements and exemplary behavior pupil Jakubovsky Ayshe. In 1936. " Began to show pictures. Here is a man in his prime with a beard and mustache. It's her father. But picture the whole family: father, mother, three brothers and she Aisha ... This album she brought from exile of Khibinogorsk ...
I did not realize that the Belarusian Tatars also deported to the concentration camps of Stalin.
- Do you remember Aisha Suleymanovna as you were exiled?
- Even as I remember! Did you forget this? - Exclaimed the former small "enemy of the people." - It was 1930, I was seven years old, and we lived in Pukhovichi: we had two cows and two heifers. His mother went to the market, followed by the "stick" any types. Just returned home, they entered the house and ordered immediately collected into exile. "As in the link? For what? "- Was horrified mother. "As fists and enemies of the people" - the security officer snapped. Mom turned white as a sheet and lost consciousness. Neighbors gathered. Helped to put their belongings. I then went to the first class and still did not understand what was happening.
At the train station in the calf shed people and stuffed under the clatter of the wheels were sent into the unknown. Some of the prisoners were kept, died on the road, and they were thrown out of the cars. Then many said that there is no God, and my mother shook her head and wept bitterly, "Maybe there is no God and the truth? Is he allowed to drive out of the house of innocents? "
And at first everything was going so well. Aisha's father, Suleiman Ibrahimovic Jakubowski, who was a native of Minsk, came to visit relatives in Smilovichi. Here met and fell in love with 16-year-old Hoth, the daughter of Jacob Hasinevicha. "She will be mine" - decided to groom. "Then the girls did not ask permission - laughing Suleymanovna Aisha - the main thing - the bride was found." So Suleiman Jakubowski and Hoth Hasinevich became husband and wife.
Family Jakubowski before October, during the Stolypin reforms, when many sought to acquire land, sold the house in Minsk and acquired the land in Pukhovichi. Suleiman I had three sisters, and one of them was married to a Turk in the Crimea, the watchmaker. When the mass repression in the Soviet Union, he drove off to his native Turkey, and took his wife with him ... In 1993, their son visited Smilovichi, home parents. Went on Mizar, Tatar cemetery where his relatives, visited the cousin Aisha, sympathized poverty pensioner, a former teacher. The house is cold, there is no money.
- That we recently spent steam heating - admitted Aisha Suleymanovna. - For what means? The house, which remained in Pukhovichi after our links, or took raipo rajpotrebsoyuz. A current high school director Smilovichskaya Yaroshevich Ivan, when he learned that we rehabilitated advised to seek the return of our house. It turned out to be very difficult: as many as three ships survived ... was a man who wanted to redeem that house, and gave him money for us. How much - I do not remember, then millions were. We bought radiators and put in a hut ...
How much grief sipped unhappy exiles on the go! "Freight Train", full of young and old, pregnant women and slave girls with babies in their arms, crawled to their destination. People prayed to God to hellish journey ended quickly. Finally train exiles arrived in the Urals, the Komi-Perm National District. Lumberjacks needed a lot of slaves.
In makeshift where pushed several families was unbearable mosquito, horseflies and midges. Aisha sorry father, who literally would collapse down after hard labor. Hard as it was, began to gradually establish a life. But again, we received an order to pack: the country needed apatite. And again reached echelon fierce winter on a long journey, this time - in Khibinogorsk.
Aisha's family of six people - father, mother, 16-year-old Ibrahim, a 12-year Cuba, 10-year-old Yasha and 7-year-old Aisha - lived in a tent district of 12 square meters. They nearly died from a fierce cold.
After some time, was ordered to move to a large tent where several families lived. Heated by a stove-"bourgeois-Coy." Different people have been here. Some think only about how to survive himself. But there were those who in these terrible conditions supported other accidents. Slaves understood that sent them, "enemies", here to die. Yet there was hope ...
Once in Khibinogorsk came first secretary of the Leningrad Regional Sergei Kirov. Aisha's father was lucky enough to get through to him at the reception. After hearing the confession of a bitter exile, as did his "enemy of the people" for two cows and two heifers, he gave the necessary orders, and they, like some others, returned to vote. Through this Aisha was able to get a passport before the war, the document, without which no one was considered a man. Despite rehabilitation, the family was not allowed to return home.
After the assassination of Kirov Khibinogorsk in 1934 was renamed to Kemerovo.
When Aisha was finishing school, has a family and all unanimously agreed that the most youngest must be taught on, no matter what it takes. After graduating from the Kirov excellent ten-Aisha in 1940 together with her best friend German girl Sophia Graule headed the Leningrad Institute of Foreign Languages. Thanks Sophia, as well as a teacher of German Friedrich Gotlipovichu, Volga Germans exiled, Aisha bad mastered the German language. Perhaps she was lucky that there were enrolled in the Leningrad Institute. Otherwise unlikely to have survived in the siege ...
With zachetke Aisha went to Petrozavodsk Institute, where they opened the Faculty of Foreign Languages. With excellent grades immediately accepted. But to study here and did not have to because Stalin canceled scholarships all funds have been thrown on the militarization of the country. Then my father decided that Aisha should go to Belarus where relatives live aunt with her two daughters, and it will be easier.
Where are these things? In the tram heard two men touted his studies at the Faculty of Geography: travel during practice for the Caucasus, the Crimea, the Far East ... Who at that age do not want to travel? So Aisha entered the geological faculty of Belarusian State University. Freshman niece befriended famous artist Gleb Pavlovich Glebova Galina Sorokina. But only managed to learn a year - war rumbled. You had to be rescued, and a greater chance to survive was in the countryside. Aunt with her daughters and niece Aisha went on foot to Smilovichi relatives. Terrible were the years of the German occupation in the town: the gallows, mass executions residents ... And the most terrible was the destruction by the Nazis two thousand Jews in the forty-first, on Veil. They said that a few days after that massacre on Solomyanke (the name of the place smilovchane) land "breathe." Retreating half town invaders burned.
When hard times ended in terrible Ayshe wanted to continue their studies. But to study at the hospital did not work: they began to build the house, and her mother after the link is constantly ill. Have to work, and Aisha went to teach German at night school.
It so happened that the Ministry of Education of the school came to the commission with a check. Inspector who visited the lesson the young teacher, surprised her with a great German. At his suggestion, Aisha Yakubovskaya led the district section of teachers of German. At the same time continued his studies at BSU geological faculty, who graduated with honors. A little later - the higher correspondence courses of foreign languages in Kiev.
Children and Youth memory stores mostly bright and happy. That Aisha Suleymanovna my question, what are her most vivid memories of the years of reference, exclaimed:
- And how! Khibinogorsk remember: there were such beautiful mountains! Mountain Kukisvumchor, which translated from Komi is - sleeping beauty. It seems that the woman is in profile. I loved the theater, and money to go there, was not. But I was lucky: as already said before the war in the first year befriended niece Gleb Pavlovich Glebova. Artists gave "roots" in the first three series: invite anyone you want. Galya Sorokina always been "roots", and in my coat - a real fox collar. I gave it to her to show off, and she took me to the theater. After the war, we met again she also continued her studies by correspondence and during the sessions, we went to the Opera House. What then were the artists! On the "factories", as now, such is impossible to educate. Never forget those years! ..
I was interested to see the photos from album Aisha Suleymanovna. Here the whole story! And not just one family, and our postwar Smilovichskaya high school. Here with his class, where he studied my older brother, their teacher of elementary grades Fenya Holodinskaya Pavlovna. During the war it through his shop with soap, thread, bread recycles false occupying German marks, which brought her partisans. Then, together with her son, she was tortured by the Gestapo: not achieving issuing other underground lucky shot. And only a lucky break saved ... But with our class, my geography teacher Glaphira Shidlovskaya Alexandrovna, whose husband - Hero of the Soviet Union Kotlovets tanker. About him Ketlinskaya Vera wrote the book "The tanks turned west." A brother Glaphira Alexandrovna - Vyacheslav Szydlowski, wonderful local historian and painter, Honored Geologist of Belarus, who was lucky enough to survive Stalin's concentration camps, in the gold mines of Kolyma, where the earth burst from frost ... Many other interesting destinies can remember looking photos from this album. But that's another story.
Vladimir Shulyakovskiy, newspaper "Belarus Today"